The Fondation France-Japon de l’EHESS is currently calling for applications to the 2020 FFJ/Michelin Foundation Fellowship: "Urban Mobilities in the 21st Century".
The current context of rapid urbanization worldwide sees cities subjected to various challenges: the climate crisis, demographic change or spatial reorganization of the production system, as well as urban sprawl and metropolization. These challenges, which have a different impact at the local level, are sometimes conflicting, with a concentration effect occurring in cities while the activities and impacts of these same cities are distributed over increasingly larger areas.
In this context, the transformations at every level in individual and collective mobility have become a central issue for metropolises. These transformations are supported by multiple initiatives and raise doubts around the transportation model, divided predominantly between cars and public transport, that was consolidated during the second half of the 20th century.
At the same time, city congestion focuses the attention of decision-makers at many levels, be it combatting air pollution, reducing its impact on urban economy or improving quality of life. The need to reduce the role of cars in urban centres and to increase access to public transport is changing the existing model without discarding it completely.
The purpose of the FFJ/ Michelin Foundation Fellowship is to examine recent strategies devised by major global cities in terms of mobility, the modes of governance and the different systems of actors involved through a study comparing initiatives in Asian cities, especially Japanese cities, to those from other geographic regions.
The core objective of the fellowships of the Fondation France-Japon (FFJ) at EHESS is to lead to a close collaboration between the fellow, FFJ, and its partner. The FFJ Fellowships enable the fellows to pursue their research work, according to the research project they presented in their application with objectives specific to their stay in Paris (comparative analysis, access to French resources, etc.). They will benefit from the large network of researchers in social and human sciences, as well as the international and interdisciplinary environment of the Parisian academic institutions. Besides, the collaboration with strategic and research departments of the partner will be an excellent opportunity for them to access to a network of extra-academic experts. The fellows are hosted at EHESS in Paris in a shared office; they benefit from administrative assistance, and have access to meeting rooms and libraries.