Inequalities have increased over the last thirty years. However, this increase has not been the same in every country. Moreover, the perception of these inequalities differs across countries in a paradoxical way: concern about inequality is the largest in Europe, where it has been actually slighter. Differences between actual inequalities and their perception could be explained by a difference of values in the three regions of study, USA, Europe and Japan. Does the perception of inequalities matter more than the objective determinants of inequalities as it leads to different forms of redistribution?
Monday 18 March 2019
- 9:00 - Opening remarks by Romain Huret (EHESS) and Sébastien Lechevalier (EHESS-FFJ)
Session I: Inequalities and Preference for Redistribution: Beyond the Transatlantic Perspective
Chair: Elvire Guillaud (Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne)
- 9:10 - Ryo Kambayashi (Hitotsubashi University), Sébastien Lechevalier (EHESS) & Thanasak Jenmana (Paris School of Economics): "Revisiting Cross-National Variations in Preference for Redistribution: A Comparison between US, France, and Japan"
Discussant: Henning Finseraas (Institute for Social Research)
- 9:50 - Henning Finseraas (Institute for Social Research): "The Structure of Inequality and Support for Redistribution"
Discussant: Clara Martinez-Toledano (Paris School of Economics)
- 10:30 - Sayaka Sakoda (Doshisha University) & Toshiaki Tachibanaki (Kyoto Women’s University): "Attitudes towards Inequality and Re-distribution"
Discussant: Antoine Bozio (EHESS & Paris School of Economics)
- 11:10 – General discussion
- 11:30 - Coffee break
11:50 - Keynote Speech: Alberto Alesina (Harvard University)
"Intergenerational Mobility and Preferences for Redistribution: a Transatlantic Perspective" (joint with Stefanie Stantcheva and Edoardo Teso)
Session II: Exploring the Determinants of the Preference for Redistribution: Immigration, Fairness Norms and Education
Chair: Arnaud Lefranc (Cergy University)
- 14:00 - Sabina Avdagic (University of Sussex): "Negativity Bias: The Impact of Framing of Immigration on Welfare State Support in Germany, Sweden and the UK" (joint with Lee Savage)
Discussant: Andrew Clark (Paris School of Economics)
- 14:40 - Soo Kyeong Hwang (Korea Development Institute): "Duality of Fairness Norms and Preference for Redistribution in Korea
Discussant: Neil Martin (OECD)
- 15:20 - Kunio Urakawa (Kyushu University): "Does Learning Opportunity at College Affect Preference for Redistribution? The Case of Japan"
Discussant: Ryo Kambayashi (Hitotsubashi University)
- 16:00 – General discussion
- 16:20 - Coffee Break
16:40 - Keynote Speech: Thomas Piketty (Paris School of Economics)
"Brahmin Left vs Merchant Right: Rising Inequality and the Changing Structure of Political Conflict"
- 17:40 – End of the first day
Tuesday 19 March 2019
Session III: Inequalities and Political Cleavages
Chair: Sébastien Lechevalier (EHESS)
- 9:00 - Andrew Clark (Paris School of Economics) & Conchita D'Ambrosio (University of Luxembourg): "Economic Insecurity and the Rise of the Right"
Discussant: Paul Marx (University of Duisburg Essen)
- 9:40 - Paul Marx (University of Duisburg Essen): "Anti-elite Politics and Emotional Reactions to Socio-economic Problems. Experimental Evidence from France, Germany, and the United States"
Discussant: Sabina Avdagic (University of Sussex)
- 10:20 - Amory Gethin (Paris School of Economics) & Clara Martinez-Toledano (Paris School of Economics): "Inequality and Changing Political Cleavages" (joint with Thomas Piketty)
Discussant: Christina Fong (Carnegie Mellon University)
- 11:00 – General discussion
- 11:20 - Coffee break
11:40 - Keynote Speech: Christina Fong (Carnegie Mellon University)
"Redistributive Politics with Target-Specific Beliefs"
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