Shogo Takegawa

Shogo Takegawa is Professor of Sociology at Tokyo University. He is invited by Sébastien Lechevalier (CCJ-FFJ) in the framework of the EHESS Visiting Scholar Program.

His research focuses on social policies from a comparative perspective. He has conducted studies on individuals' attitudes toward the social state. His latest research focuses on the issue of care and health services.



Social Policy in Japan

Lecture organized by the Fondation France-Japon de l’EHESS.

  • 30 octobre 2018 (15:00-17:00) - Salle A07_37 (EHESS, 54 bd Raspail 75006 Paris)

In Japan the Industrial Revolution began in the fourth quarter of the 19th century. Although it was a later country from the Western countries, it was the starting country among the East Asian countries. After the industrial revolution, industrialization and urbanization advanced, but most of the population was engaged in agriculture until the middle of the 20th century. Nonetheless, as wage workers were born and capitalism developed, <labor problems> became more noticeable as a social problem, the factory law was enacted in 1911, and it came into effect in 1916. Health insurance was introduced in 1922, Labor Pension Insurance Act was introduced in 1941. After the Second World War, social insurance was applied to all citizens in 1961. However, social policy till the middle of the 20th century tended to promote "commodification" rather than "decommodification" of the labor force.
In 1973, the OECD published the report titled "crisis of welfare state". In Japan this year was called "the first year of welfare", because the social policy was enriched and Japan’s social policy entered the stage of welfare state. The simultaneous progress of welfare state formation and its crisis characterized the social policy in Japan since the fourth quarter of the 20th century.

Social Attitudes towards Income Redistribution in Japan

Lecture organized by the Fondation France-Japon de l’EHESS.
Discussant: Arnaud Lefranc (Université de Cergy-Pontoise)

  • 13 novembre 2018 (14:00-16:00) - Salle 8 (EHESS, 105 bd Raspail 75006 Paris)

In Japan "welfare" is spoken positively not only from the left but also from conservatives. In general, most people do not want to raise tax increases and social insurance premium. Politicians who agree to increase them cannot win elections. However, as a result of polls, contrary to expectations, people supporting high welfare high burden are more than those who support low burden low welfare. According to the results of the survey in 2015, the level of supporters of high welfare high burden decreased, the level in 2000 remained, and it did not reverse.

Paradox of Welfare in Japan

In the framework of the “Seminar on Contemporary Japan” (Inalco-Paris 7) organized by Arnaud Grivaud (Inalco) et Kanae Sarugasawa (Paris 7). The session will also include a lecture by Robert Boyer (EHESS, Institut des Amériques).

  • 15 novembre 2018 (17:00-19:00) - Salle 481C (Université Paris Diderot, bâtiment C, 5 rue Thomas Mann, 75013 Paris)

 In Japan, supporters for high benefit high cost approach are majority. In general, it is thought that people with lower socio-economic status desire to improve welfare than people with high socio-economic status. But paradoxically, it is not low-income people, but high-income people who want to enhance welfare. Rather, low-income people want to reduce tax burden. It is thought that the effect of redistribution is weak, and in some cases, it is regressive. There was no problem even though the initial income was relatively equal. However, its inequality tended to expand in recent years and redistribution mechanism is falling into dysfunction.

Varieties of Welfare Capitalism in East-Asia

In the framework of the EHESS seminar organized by Yohann Aucante « Les réformes de la protection sociale : perspectives internationales comparées ».

  • 22 novembre 2018 (15:00-17:00) Salle 3 (EHESS, 105 bd Raspail 75006 Paris)

There was a time when welfare orientalism, which consists of Swedocentrism (viewing from a Swedish perspective), Eurocentrism and ethnocentrism, dominated in the field of comparative study of welfare state. Someone thinks that Confucianism, Familialism and Productivism are common to East Asian welfare regimes. East Asian welfare regimes, however, are diverse. Furthermore, some of the differences among regimes can be explained by the timing of takeoff to the welfare state and international economic situations at the time. There is a time lag of about 30 years between Europe and Japan there is also a time lag of about 30 years between Japan, and South Korea and Taiwan. The Western countries formed the welfare state in the golden age of the world economy, Japan in the age of stagnation, and Korea and Taiwan in the era of globalism. These backgrounds characterize each welfare regime.